The Basics of Indoor Gardening

City dwellers are blessed with many things, but a nice outdoor space is usually not one of them. Nature might be hard to come by in the midst of a concrete jungle, but there is still a way to fulfil your dreams: the art of indoor gardening.

This trend is gaining traction across the globe and for good reasons too. The plants cleanse the air inside your living environment and refresh the space. Additionally, an indoor garden could provide a cornucopia of organic food.

So, we thought we’d provide you with the basics of indoor gardening so that you can get started.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening

Setting the Stage

Greenhouse - the basics of indoor gardening
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The first thing to do is figure out where your indoor garden will be. Plants do not need to take up a lot of space, a single windowsill or table is a good place to start – if that is all you have. If you do have space, however, it’ s a good idea is to set up a table, shelves, or a bench specifically for indoor gardening. Tomato gardening, for instance, fits even the tiniest of spaces.

In any regard, you’ll have to decide which type of garden you want: a container or hydroponics one.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Containers

Indoor gardening containers come in all shapes and sizes, making them a sound option for anyone seeking to rearrange and move the garden outdoors in the future. They will require soil, which can be messy if knocked or spilt during movement. So, maybe it’s best to bear in mind where your plant will be based.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Hydroponic

Hydroponic gardens are preferable if you mean to pack a lot of plants into a small space, and since hydroponic plants grow in the water there’s limited mess as they don’t require soil. However, with hydroponic indoor gardening you will be restricted to what plants you can grow at home – so this depends on whether you’ve already got your heart set on a particular plant.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Flooring

In both cases, it’s crucial to pay attention to the use of materials. For example, a tile or linoleum floor can catch drops of water while plush carpet could get ruined from constant overspill from your indoor plants.

If you’re building a greenhouse on your property colourful decorative concrete for your floor could boost both the visual appeal and functionality of the space.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Plant Picking

When it comes to the basics of indoor gardening, it goes without saying that the choice of plants is paramount to the success of the project. The truth is that almost anything can grow indoors if properly looked after.

Then again, your life is much easier when you select plants with similar humidity, light, and watering requirements to that of your environment. It all comes down to the sort of plants you want to grow: vegetables, herbs, flowers or fruits.

Climate Conditions

Tending to plants - the basics of indoor gardening
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Furthermore, there are some other aspects of an indoor climate that you have to manage.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Lights

As we know, plants harness sunlight, so you need to ensure that it can reach them. Most of the plants and vegetables require 14-16 hours of exposure per day. Hence, it is best to position them near windows.

Yet, even that is not a guarantee that the plants will get ample light, at least not during harsh winter months. To make up for this problem, you can buy a grow lamp (a regular light bulb isn’t strong enough).

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Temperature

First off, we have a matter of optimal temperature, which is between 18-23 °C. Plants that grow in temperatures exceeding the upper limit tend to be small and weak. While temperatures that are too low make the leaves turn yellow and fall off.

The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Humidity

Lastly, one has to pay close attention to humidity. Winters are drier than summers and pose a challenge for indoor gardeners. If you live in a notoriously dry area like London – plants requiring high levels of humidity will most likely be off limits!

Bear in mind that the heating in a house can add fuel to the fire, and create detrimental conditions for plants. So, it’s best to do your research on what type of plant is best for the environment that you’re providing.

Sow the Seeds

holding soil - the basics of indoor gardening
[Photo Credit: unsplash.com]
The Basics of Indoor Gardening: Soil

Plants cannot survive without fertile soil to grow upon, and the soil you find outside does not cut it.

Most often, it’s either too heavy or contains weeds, seeds, and pests. Instead, you should opt for a mix tailored specifically to indoor plants. It must have organic materials and be loose enough. Another option is to try out the aforementioned hydroponics.

It’s worth mentioning, however, that even the right soil might not supply plants with enough nutrients (as it’s not naturally replenishing like the ground), which means they’ll need an extra boost. That is when you need to make good use of fertilisers and hydroponic nutrients.

A Personal Oasis

Duplicating Mother Nature indoors may seem like a daunting task. But, armed with knowledge and passion, it turns into a rewarding and thrilling experience that allows you to reap opulent benefits.

So, chose the right space and properly control the environment. Cherry-pick your plants and maintain them. Assemble a soothing natural sanctuary inside and reconnect with nature without leaving your home.

And there you have it – the basics of indoor gardening. Did we manage to convince you? If you’ve decided to stick with the garden, check out these tips for beginners. Remember to like A Fancy Home on Facebook to stay up-to-date on the very best advice, guides, tips and tricks for your home and garden!

This is a guest post written by Molly Milson from Smooth Decorator.